Survival myths, a.k.a. urban (wilderness) legends are popular beliefs shared with friends that are usually very wrong.
Let’s continue with myths 19-21
Myth 19. Shelters Should Be Built From Dead Materials. This myth comes from a group of green movement advocates who were really concerned about the environment. They don’t like when you cut trees or use leaves to protect yourself. When you’re at risk of dying, you shouldn’t think about this. Your priority is to stay alive and to do so, you need to have a solid shelter. Dead materials are actually worse for building shelters due to their weak and old structures. Also, they easily catch fire making them unsafe to use. So remember: if you are lost and desperate and need a shelter, do not let this silly myth cross your mind, as the most important thing is to survive. Always pick fresh materials and you will be much safer.
Myth 20. If you are stuck in the desert and you feel thirsty, cut a cactus into pieces and drink its water. Again, this is a false myth that needs to be analyzed. While cactus do not contain any sort of fresh real water, they do contain some sort of gooey juice in their pulp. However, this liquid is full of toxins and therefore can be fatal and deadly. It has been consumed in the past but only in emergency situations in which the supply of water was running definitely low.
Myth 21. When you are feeling thirsty, put a stone in your mouth and it will feel as if you were drinking water.
This is also false and has completely gone out of context. The original idea was that by putting a stone in your mouth you would keep your mouth shut and would breathe more from your nose as a result. Nowadays, this has been turned into the false myth that putting a stone in your mouth makes your need for water disappear. This idea is really dangerous and should be avoided since the only way of eliminating our need for water is by drinking water. Some famous archaeologists have fallen victims of this trap, such as the archaeologist Louis Leakey who almost died when he thought pebbles in his mouth were a good way to keep him away from dehydration.
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