Survival myths, a.k.a. urban (wilderness) legends are popular beliefs shared with friends that are usually very wrong. Let’s continue with myths 28-30
28. Drinking Saltwater in small amounts is always safe.
Definitely not. Saltwater is never safe to drink and it can only increase even further the speed at which we suffer from dehydration.
Saltwater is a hypertonic liquid (it has more salinity than the maximum amount the human body can actually hold).
For example, in Nigeria people started to drink saltwater because a viral campaign said that it helped to prevent the Ebola virus. Sadly, at least 2 persons died and 20 were fatally injured because of drinking saltwater.
Therefore, we can conclude that it is never a good idea to drink saltwater. It is better to look for other sources of water (such as a river) and try to purify that water by pouring it through a shirt or other type of clothing.
29. Running water from a mountain stream is always safe to drink.
Do not take for granted that the running water from a mountain is as fresh as it looks. To our eyes, it may be crystal clear and appealing but the truth is that we don’t know how clean it really is.
For example, there could be a dead animal body at the top of the mountain and you would end up drinking particles from it. Other things could also pollute the water.
The truth is that it is very hard to tell the origin of the water and in these cases the best advice that can be given is to drink only a small amount of water and wait for a couple of hours. If your stomach does not have a reaction or symptoms of intoxication then the water is fine for consumption. You can make it sager to drink by filtering it through a piece of cloth then boiling it.
30. Ration your water in the desert/hot climate.
If you are already dehydrated and on the verge of dying, then rationing your water for the next three days won’t help. The suggested solution is drinking all of your water until you are reasonably hydrated. Apart from this, you should stay under the shades, try to spend less energy as possible and reserve physical activity for night hours. During the nighttime you could go and search for help and water supplies.